Refugio antiaéreo de Arjonilla

  • This shelter was founded and restored in 1998. It was built next to the Encarnacion’s Chuch – thinking that the national troops wouldn’t bomb anything close to a church (they were wrong).
  • Today 170 meters of this zigzag gallery built 3 meters deep in the ground can be visited.
  • In the corridors we find entrances to other side galleries – today blocked – that were directly connected to many of the close by houses.
  • During the route we would observe some of the graffiti in the walls, made by the people who excavated the shelter using picks and shovels.
  • Arjonilla was on the republican side during the civil war. It suffered up to 5 raids, so they had to remove Encarnation Church’s top of the bell tower, so that it couldn’t use to point at it from the air.
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Jaen’s province was one of the Republican bastions till the end of the civil war, that explains the amount of air-raid shelters scattered all over it. Some of them, such us this one in Arjonilla, has been refurbished and opened to the public for us to have a close look to the horror of war. In times of war, Arjonila’s authorities used the bell in the Encarnacion’s church’s bell tower, to warn people about a possible danger. The main entrance of the gallery we are visiting today, 170 meters long in a zigzag shape, was located right next to this church.

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